Royal assent

The final stage in the enactment of a law in which the monarch or the Governor General authorizes a bill to become a statute.

The symbolic but necessary formal approval of all federal or provincial legislation by the Queen given on her behalf by the Governor General (federally) or the applicable Lieutenant Governor (provincially). Approval is by way of signature.

Approval of a bill by the governor general or lieutenant governor after the bill has been agreed to by both the Senate and the House of Commons or the legislature. This approval makes the bill a statute and gives it the force of law. In accordance with the principles of responsible government, the governor general always grants royal assent on the advice of the Cabinet.