Recognizance

A written acknowledgement in accordance with Form 11 of the Criminal Code of responsibility for a debt not to exceed $500, to be forfeited upon failure to appear in court. A potential basis upon which bail can be granted.

Either (1) an obligation of record that is entered into before a court, containing a condition to perform a particular act, such as making a court appearance, or (2) a sum of money pledged to assure the performance of such an act.

A formal promise made by the accused to appear and respond to criminal charges. Depending on the circumstances, the accused may enter the recognizance before a police officer or a magistrate.

Form of release in which the accused person acknowledges that she will owe the state a specified amount of money in the event of default. If the release involves sureties, they are similarly obligated.

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