Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (JCPC)

During the British Empire, the Privy Council was the final court of appeal for the colonies. The right of appeal from the Supreme Court of Canada to the Privy Council was abolished in 1949.

A tribunal of senior English judges, established in 1833 by the British Crown, which heard appeals from English colonies, including those in British North America. From 1867 to 1949 the JCPC was the highest court of appeal for matters of Canadian law. However, in 1949 appeals to the JCPC were abolished and the Supreme Court of Canada became the highest Canadian court.